Monday, March 19, 2018

Tomato Sauce and Tomato Paste

 Tomato Sauce

A few more minutes of simmering, and this sauce will be perfect.
Actually, if the plan is to simmer it further inside, say, spaghetti sauce,
it's ready to go right now.


    Commercially canned tomato products generally contain citric acid made from corn or soy and may contain traces of yeast or mold (see Tomato Products, Canned in the Glossary). If you are so severely allergic to any of these that commercial tomato products are a problem, you might consider making your own. Garden tomatoes picked ripe are the best for this, both because they have the best flavor and because they are not coated with wax containing corn, soy or dairy products and have not been gassed with ethylene gas made from corn. Roma tomatoes have more pulp, which makes them excellent for making tomato sauce or tomato paste. 

     4 lbs. vine-ripened  tomatoes, peeled (see Produce in the Glossary). 
     4 tsp. fresh squeezed lemon juice (See Juice  in the Glossary)

     Cut each tomato into a few pieces. Put them in a saucepan with a small splash of water. Bring to a boil, reduce heat and simmer, covered, for half an hour. At this point the tomato pieces should be coming apart and the seeds should be softened up so that a blender can break them up. Process the tomatoes, in batches, in a blender. If there are still too many visible seeds to suit you, you can strain them out using a food mill or a sieve with a fine enough mesh. (Remember that any remaining seeds will become more apparent as you reduce the tomatoes.) Put the tomatoes back in the saucepan and, stirring occasionally, simmer uncovered until they reach the tomato sauce consistency you like, probably when their volume is reduced by about half. Add the lemon juice. Do not skip this step if you are planning to can your sauce: one purpose of the lemon juice is to ensure the sauce is acidic enough that you can safely can it at home. Refrigerate or can the sauce.
     

Simmered for 1/2 hour, blended, and brought back to a boil.
In another hour or two this will look like the sauce shown above.


 Tomato Paste

     To turn your tomato sauce into tomato paste, just keep simmering it uncovered until it reaches the tomato paste consistency you like, probably when its volume is reduced by about half again. Note that as it becomes thicker it will require more attention to keep it from sticking and burning. Near the end you will need to keep it at the lowest boil possible and stir frequently. Refrigerate or can the paste.

Thursday, March 8, 2018

Roasted Yams/Sweet Potatoes

The yellow ones are sweet potatoes, and the orange ones
are yams. Yams are just sweet potatoes that have been bred
to be orange.


     Discovering you're allergic to most bread, whether the problem is wheat or yeast, is a good reason for brushing up your skills on cooking alternate carbs such as yams and sweet potatoes.  These can be perplexing: they're good baked, but they don't mash as smooth as regular potatoes and they tend not to crisp up as easily as regular potatoes.

     This recipe produces excellent roasted rounds of sweet potato or yam, soft on the inside and browned and crisp on the outside.

     2 yams or sweet potatoes
     1 quart of water
     *1/4 c. rice syrup 
     1 Tb. salt (See Salt in the Glossary)
     1/4 tsp. baking soda
     oil (See Oil in the Glossary)

     Preheat oven to 425 F. Add the rice syrup, salt and baking soda to the water in a medium saucepan and bring it to a boil. Meanwhile, peel the yams and slice them into 1" rounds. Add the yams to the boiling water (which should cover the yams), bring it back up to a boil and simmer until the yams are softened, up to 8 minutes. Drain, and stir the yams gently with a big spoon. At this point they will have a questionable-looking, gooey texture. Do not be alarmed: this means the baking soda and syrup have done their job and the yams are ready to crisp up. Resist any temptation to add spices at this point: they would scorch and leave nasty, bitter flavors.

      Spread out on a thoroughly greased cooky sheet and bake until mostly browned on the bottom, about 20 minutes. Spray the tops with oil. Remove from oven; separate each round from the cooky sheet with a spatula and flip it over. Bake another 15-20 minutes, until browned on both sides.

     Alternatively, once the rounds have been boiled as described above, they can be fried on both sides in a bit of oil at medium high heat.

*Note that some rice syrup is not gluten-free, as the processing involves enzymes which may have been derived from barley. Watch for gluten-free syrup if this is an issue.